RBI Notifies a New Credit Flow for MSME Sector

The Reserve Bank of India has also informed a composite criteria of investment and turnover for classification
  • BY Jaspreet Kaur

    Feature Writer, BusinessEx

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  • Aug 24,2020
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  • 14 Mins Read

The Indian government is leaving no stone unturned to support distressed MSMEs. So far, schemes like ECLGS and CGSSD have been launched to uphold MSMEs. Meanwhile, the definition of MSME is also changed so that more companies can avail benefits of the MSME category. 

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) lately notified all banks of a credit flow to the MSME sector. In the announcement, it has informed about classification of the MSMEs as per the new definition. The central bank has also informed a composite criteria of investment and turnover for classification, which are as follows: 

(i) A composite criterion of investment and turnover shall apply for classification of an enterprise as micro, small or medium.

(ii) If an enterprise crosses the ceiling limits specified for its present category in either of the two criteria of investment or turnover, it will cease to exist in that category and be placed in the next higher category but no enterprise shall be placed in the lower category unless it goes below the ceiling limits specified for its present category in both the criteria of investment as well as turnover. 

(iii) All units with Goods and Services Tax Identification Number (GSTIN) listed against the same Permanent Account Number (PAN) shall be collectively treated as one enterprise and the turnover and investment figures for all of such entities shall be seen together and only the aggregate values will be considered for deciding the category as micro, small or medium enterprise.

Computing Investment in Plant and Machinery 

The central bank has informed banks about the calculation of investment in plant and machinery or equipment, which is here as follows: 

(i) The calculation of investment in plant and machinery or equipment will be linked to the Income Tax Return (ITR) of the previous years filed under the Income Tax Act, 1961

(ii) In case of a new enterprise, where no prior ITR is available, the investment will be based on self-declaration of the promoter of the enterprise and such relaxation shall end after the 31st March of the financial year in which it files its first ITR

(iii) The expression "plant and machinery or equipment" of the enterprise, shall have the same meaning as assigned to the plant and machinery in the Income Tax Rules, 1962 framed under the Income Tax Act, 1961 and shall include all tangible assets (other than land and building, furniture and fittings)

(iv) The purchase (invoice) value of a plant and machinery or equipment, whether purchased first hand or second hand, shall be taken into account excluding Goods and Services Tax (GST), on self-disclosure basis, if the enterprise is a new one without any ITR

(v) The cost of certain items specified in the Explanation I to sub-section (1) of section 7 of the Act shall be excluded from the calculation of the amount of investment in plant and machinery

Computing Turnover of the Business

Following the new definition of MSME, the Central bank has modified calculation of turnover, which are as follows:

(i) Exports of goods or services or both, shall be excluded while calculating the turnover of any enterprise whether micro, small or medium, for the purposes of classification

(ii) Information as regards turnover and exports turnover for an enterprise shall be linked to the Income Tax Act or the Central Goods and Services Act (CGST Act) and the GSTIN

(iii) The turnover related figures of such enterprise which do not have PAN will be considered on self-declaration basis for a period up to 31st March, 2021 and thereafter, PAN and GSTIN shall be mandatory

As per the central bank, if there is an upward change in terms of investment in plant and machinery or equipment or turnover or both, and consequent re-classification, an enterprise will maintain its prevailing status till expiry of one year from the close of the year of registration. In case of reverse-graduation of an enterprise, whether as a result of re-classification or due to actual changes in investment in plant and machinery or equipment or turnover or both, and whether the enterprise is registered under the Act or not, the enterprise will continue in its present category till the closure of the financial year and it will be given the benefit of the changed status only with effect from 1st April of the financial year following the year in which such change took place.









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